Nuclear Option sheds light on an unconscionable secret atomic veterans were forced to keep, the outcome of this catastrophic time still bleeding into society today . . . When I finished reading it I literally sat motionless, stunned by what I had just consumed. —Sheri Hoyte for Reader Views
THAT GAVE RISE TO
America’s Atomic Veterans
Starting in 1946, more than 400,000 soldiers, like Norton Cramer in Nuclear Option, were used by the U.S. government as unwitting guinea pigs in over 1,000 nuclear bomb tests. After the tests, they were sworn to an oath of secrecy; even talking among themselves was considered to be treason and punishable by a $10,000 fine and 10 or more years in prison. Now, after being silenced for 50 years, they are talking.
The People of the Marshall Islands
Between 1946 and 1958, the U.S. detonated 67 nuclear devices in and around the Marshall Islands. The impact of these tests on the Marshallese people was profound - in terms of both actual radioactive exposure and the displacement of people from their home islands due to contamination and to accommodate the U.S. military.